2. Republican Rome at the beginning of the 4th Century B.C.
The centre of Rome at the end of the Republican period (beginning of the 4th Century B.C.). Detail of the model in the Museo della CiviltÓ Romana (Rome):
Limited urbanisation had not yet modified the naturally hilly nature of the area. Five of the seven hills of ancient Rome can clearly be distinguished. The yellow spot marks the site of the future Villa Aldobrandini on the south-western edge of the Quirinal hill.
- Plain on which the Trastevere ("across the Tiber") quarter later developed
- The Tiber River and Isola Tiberina ("Tiber Island")
- The Capitoline hill, comprising two high plateaux - the Arx ("citadel", site of the present day Church of Santa Maria in Aracoeli and the Victor Emmanuel Monument) and the Capitol ("Campidoglio", site of the present day Palazzo dei Conservatori and Villa Caffarella - separated by a depression, site of the present day Piazza del Campidoglio
- Campus Martius and the Lacus Curtius
- The Quirinal hill. The yellow spot marks the site of the future Villa Aldobrandini on the south-western edge of the Quirinal hill.
- Suburra, later the site of the Imperial Fora
- The Esquiline hill (the Oppian hill is that part of the Esquiline hill facing the site of the Colosseum)
- The ridge called the Velia (subsequently levelled to make way for the Imperial Fora)
- Marshy area subsequently site of the Colosseum
- Celian hill
- Palatine hill
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